• A. Aydo?du, P. Frasca, C. D’Apice, R. Manzo, J.M. Thornton,B. Gachomo, T. Wilson, B. Cheung, U. Tariq, W. Saidel, B. Piccoli, Modeling birds on wires, Journal of Theoretical Biology 415: 102–112

  • N. Saglam, R. Sauders, W.M. Saidel, D.H. Shain. Phylogenetic and Morphological resolution of the Helobdella stagnalis (Annelida: Clitellata: Glossiphoniidae) complex. submitted, Micron.
  • W.M. Saidel, N. Saglam, D. Salas-de la Cruz, R. Saunders, D.H. Shain. Elaborate structure of the Hirudo (Annelida: Hirudinae) cocoon surface. submitted, J. Morphology
  • Recktenwald, E.,  L. Skorina, E. Dudkin, W. Saidel, E. R. Gruberg, (2015) Connections of the Leopard Frog Anterior Lateral Thalamus-an HRP study, in press, Brain, Behavior and Evolution
  • Saidel, W., Shende, S., The JAR of the weakly electric fish, Apternotus displays stochastic resonance, in preparation.
  • Saidel, Wm. and Khokhar, RE, The African butterfly fish (Pantodon buchholzi, Osteoglossomorpha) looks in two directions at the same time (in preparation)


  • Rossi, AM, Saidel, WM, Shain, DH. Mechanics of Cocoon Secretion in a Segmented Worm (Annelida: Hirudinidae), Micron. 86:30-5.

  • Skorina, E. Recktenwald, E. Dudkin, W. Saidel, E. R. Gruberg, (2016) Representation of visual field in the anterior thalamus of the leopard frog, Rana pipiens, Neurosci Lett. 16;621:34-8.



  • Saidel, W.M. (2013) Nucleus Rostrolateralis: An expansion of the epithalamus in some Actinopterygii.  Anat. Rec. (Hoboken). 296(10):1594-602.
            doi: 10.1002/ar.22761. Epub 2013 Aug 19.
  • Rossi, AM, Saidel WM, Marotta R, Saglam N, and Shain, DH  (2013) Operculum Ultrastructure in Leech Cocoons, J Morphol. 274: 940-6.
            doi: 10.1002/jmor.20150. Epub 2013 Apr 27.
  • Johnson, N*, Schwab, T* and Saidel, W.M..  Bilateral Efferents from Nucleus Isthmi to the Optic Tectum in Carassius auratus, the goldfish, are restricted to the Binocular Visual Field, Neuroscience Letters, 534:311-315
  • Karen Kolya Vardanya, David Matthew Sit, Robert Dominic Walton, William Mark Saidel and Keith Michael Jones, Cyanobiphenyl liquid crystal composites with gold
    nanoparticles, RSC Advances, 2013, 3, 259


  • Karen Kolya Vardanyan, Robert Dominic Walton, David Matthew Sita, Israel Scott Gurfinkiel, William Mark Saidel, (2012)  Study of pentyl-cyanobiphenyl nematic doped with gold nanoparticles. Liquid Crystals, Vol. 39, No. 5, 595–605.                                                  DOI: 10.1080/02678292.2012.668567
  • Karen Kolya Vardanyana, David Matthew Sita , Robert Dominic Walton , Israel Scott Gurfinkiel and William Mark Saidel, (2012.) Liquid crystalline cyanobiphenyl homologues doped with gold nanoparticles. Liquid Crystals, Vol. 39 Issue 9, p1083-1098.                       DOI.: 10.1080/02678292.2012.696729


  • Manor, S.,  Polak, O., Saidel, W.M., Goulet, T.L., and  Shashar, N., Light intensity mediated polarotaxis in Pontella karachiensis (Pontellidae, Copepoda), Vision Research 49, 2371-2378.


  • Saidel, W.M., Mandau, M.* and Haynes, P.T.*  Spatial Sequestration of a Fusiform Cell in the Optic Tectum of Pantodon Buchholzi, Teleostei (in press, Brain Research, September 3, 2008)
  • Starosciak, A.K.*, Kalola, R.P.*, Perkins, K.P.*, Riley, J.A.*, and Saidel, W.M. (2008) Fast and singular muscle responses initiate the startle response of Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossomorpha),  Brain Behavior Evol., 71:100 -114.
  • Saidel, W.M. (2008)  Poilkilothermic Optic Tectum, In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (Eds. Binder, M.D.; Hirokawa, N.; Windhorst, U.; Hirsch, M.C. , Version: eReference (online access) ISBN: 978-3-540-29678-2, Springer-Verlag.


  • Hong, D., Saidel, W.M., Man, S., Martin, J.V. (2007) Extracellular noise-induced stochastic synchronization in heterogeneous quorum sensing network. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 245:726-736.


  • Hong, D., Martin, J.V.,  Saidel, W.M., (2006) How stochastic resonance enhances human auditory information processing, Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling, 3, 39-49.


  • Saidel, W.M., Shashar, N., Schmolesky, M.T., Hanlon, R.T. Discriminative responses of squid (Loligo pealeii) photoreceptors to polarized light. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A. Vol 142/3 pp 340-346..
  • Manor, S.,  Polak, O., Saidel, W.M., and  Shashar, N.(2005) Light intensity mediated polarotaxis in Pontella karachiensis (Pontellidae, Copepoda) submitted to Journal of Plankton Research


  • Saidel, W.M. Strain, G., and Fornari, S.  (2004) Characterization of the Aerial Escape Response of the African butterfly fish, Pantodon buchholzi Petersi. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 71: 63-72.
  • Northcutt, R.G., Plassmann, W., Holmes, R.H., and Saidel, W.M. (2004) A pallial visual area in the telencephalon of the bony fish Polypterus. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 64: 1-10.



  • Saidel, W.M., Marquez-Houston, K.,  and Butler, A.B. (2001) Identification of visual telencephalon in the goldfish, Carassius auratus: a combined cytochrome oxidase and electrophysiological study. Brain Res. 919(1):82-93.


  • Shain, D.H.,  Carter, M. R., Murray, K. P., Maleski, K.A., Smith, N. R,.  McBride, T. R., Michalewicz L. A., and Saidel, WM. (2000) Morphological characterization of the ice worm Mesenchytraeus solifugus. J. Morphology, 246:192-197.
  • Saidel, W.M (2000) Coherence in nervous system design: the visual system of Pantodon buchholzi. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 355:1177-1182.
  • Butler, A.B. and Saidel, W.M. (2000) Sameness, Phylogeny, and Hierarchy: Levels of Comparison. BioEssays, 22:846-53.



  • Saidel, W.M. and Butler, A.B. (1997) An Atypical Diencephalic Nucleus In Actinopterygian Fishes: Visual Connections and Sporadic Phylogenetic Distribution, Neurosci Letters, 229:13-16.
  • Saidel, W.M. and Butler, A.B. (1997) Visual connections of the atypical diencephalic nucleus rostrolateralis in Pantodon buchholzi (Teleostei, Osteoglossomorpha).
    Cell and Tissue Research 287:91-99
  • Saidel, W.M. and Crowder, J.A. (1997) Differential expression of cytochrome oxidase by hair cells of the teleost utricle. Hearing Research, 109:63-77.



  • Popper, A.N. and Saidel, W.M. (1994) Sensory cells of the fish ear – a hairy enigma. Sensory Systems, 8:142-149.
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  • Butler, A. and Saidel, W.M. (1993) Retinal Projections in Teleost Fishes: Patterns, Variations, and Questions, Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 104A:431-442.
  • Popper, A.N., Saidel, W.M., and Chang, J.S. (1993) Two Types of Sensory Hair Cells in the Saccule of a Fish, Hearing Res. 64:211-216.



  • Butler, A. and Saidel, W.M. (1991) The retinofugal projections in the freshwater butterflyfish Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossoidei). I. Cytoarchitectonic analysis and Primary Visual Pathways. Brain, Behav. Evol. 38:127-153.
  • Saidel, W.M. and Butler, A. (1991) The retinofugal projections in the freshwater butterflyfish Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossoidei). II. Topographic projections of the dorsal and ventral hemiretina. Brain, Behav. Evol. 38:154-168.
  • Yan, H.Y., Saidel, W.M, Chang, J.S., Presson, J.C. and Popper, A.N. (1991) Sensory hair cells of fish ear: Evidence of multiple types based on ototoxicity sensitivity. Proc. Royal Soc. B, 245:133-138.


  • Saidel, W.M., Popper, A.N. and Chang, J. (1990) Spatial and morphological differentiation of trigger zones in afferent fibers to the teleost utricle. J. Comp. Neurol. 302:629-642.
  • Saidel, W.M., Presson, J.P. and Chang, J. (1990) Immunocytological reactivity to S-100 protein in a population of hair cells in the utricle and saccule of a fish, Hearing Res. 47: 139-146.
  • Popper, A.N. and Saidel, W.M. (1990) Variations in Receptor Cell Innervation in the Saccule of a Teleost Fish Ear. Hearing Res. 46: 211-227.


  • Rogers, P.H., Popper, A.N., Cox, M. and Saidel, W.M., (1988) Processing of acoustic signals in the auditory system of bony fish. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., 83, 338-349.
  • Saidel, W.M.  Trigger zone variations in the vestibular system of fish. Neurosci. Letters 84: 161-166.


  • Saidel, W.M., An unusual optic fiber pattern in the retina of the primitive fish Pantodon buchholzi, Peters. Vision Research, 27:511-516. 
  • Saidel, W.M. and Popper, A., Sound Reception in two Anabantid Fishes, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 88A:37-44.